At a glance Obesity affects billions of people around the world and is a risk factor for heart disease, high blood pressure, strokes, diabetes, cancers and more. To calculate your BMI, divide your weight in kilograms by your height in meters squared — over 25 may be overweight, and over 30 obese. Your waist circumference is also used to measure obesity — over 40 inches for a man and 35 inches for a woman is considered obese. Measuring obesity According to the World Health Organisation, worldwide obesity has more than doubled since 1980. It's one of the leading causes of preventable deaths across the globe, and is showing no sign of slowing down. In this fact sheet you can learn why obesity is so dangerous, and how to calculate whether your weight is considered overwe
At a glance Common symptoms of a heart attack include chest pain, shortness of breath, nausea, a cold sweat and neck, back, stomach or jaw pain. Women need to take care too — when they reach menopause their risk of a heart attack risk rises, and they can be more damaging than for men. To lower your risk, stop smoking, eat well, lower blood pressure and cholesterol, keep active, manage your weight and reduce stress and alcohol. Recognising the signs of a heart attack Heart disease is one of our biggest killers today. But many of us don't know enough about the signs and risks. It's important for both men and women to learn to recognize the symptoms of a heart attack and get help fast if they think they need it. There's also much we can all do to lower our risk
At a glance If you have diabetes and are pregnant, check with your doctor if you plan to continue or start an exercise programme. Ask your doctor for specific guidelines on controlling diabetes when you exercise. Exercising safely may mean having to take extra care to monitor ketones and blood sugar. It's commonly recommended that pregnant women undertake moderate exercise for 30 minutes a day, but you should consult your doctor for specific advice. Does my pregnancy mean lifestyle changes? Congratulations! You're pregnant. You have a lot to do before the baby comes — set up the nursery, baby-proof the house and stock up on diapers. But if you have diabetes, protecting your baby's health should be at the top of your to-do list. You wonder if it's still safe f
Life is stressful by its very nature and almost all of us feel stressed at some point. The most common causes are work, money and family. It doesn't have to be a crisis that creates stress; it's often the day-to-day physical demands and emotions that come with coping with life's challenges. Other situations that cause stress include pregnancy, change, retirement and social isolation. Sometimes it's just too much happening at once between work, family and personal responsibilities. And, of course, the holidays add stress — with extra time spent with family, lack of exercise, too many activities and memories of happier holidays. Why Bother about Stress? When stress builds up, it can damage your mood, interfere with your sleep, lower your concentration and negatively affect your rela
A wise old saying is “morning shows the day”. It is absolutely true. Our mood and emotions of the early hours of the day sets the tone for the entire day. So, it is very important to start our day with a positive attitude and happy heart. Some simple tips when followed in the morning can help us to become better individuals and achieve our professional and personal milestones. No Snooze: All of us love the few extra minutes of sleep in the morning. We are inevitably tempted to press the snooze button and snatch few extra minutes of slumber before the madness of the day engulfs us, but pressing the snooze button repeatedly alarms our body and instead of few minutes of blissful sleep can make us feel groggy and irritated for the entire day. So, if needed, hit the bed a bit early
At a glance To lower your risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes and more you need to eat a healthy diet and get plenty of exercise. Avoid fatty foods, and choose lean meat poultry and fish — and make sure you eat five portions of fruit and vegetables a day. Watch your calorie intake and try to fit in 30 minutes of moderate physical activity on most — if not all days of the week. Eat well for a healthy weight We all need to eat to live. And yet if we're not careful, our diets could kill us. It's more and more common today to rely on a diet that is packed with too much fat, salt, and sugar. And not enough fruit, vegetables, whole grains and fibre. Combine this with too little exercise and you have the perfect recipe for heart disease, high blood pressure, di
9K steps: Walking is the easiest and one of the most effective ways to maintain your health. Brisk walking for even 30 minutes only can do wonders for us and can remarkably improve our heart condition and strengthen bones. Clocking 9000 steps a day is a great way to ensure health and fitness and keep life style ailments at the bay. 8 hours of sleep: Sleep is one of our vital requirements to stay fit and alert. An adult individual needs 7-8 hours of sleep to remain fit, healthy and alert. Adequate sleep not only refreshes and rejuvenates our body but also helps in decreasing the risk of heart diseases. Sleep is an important factor in managing our hunger levels. Sleep deprivation can lead to binge eating or starving. It also helps in improving our memory and maintains the immuni...
Successful and lasting behavior change takes more than a willingness to adopt new habits. It is a process of learning how to integrate these behaviors into your daily lifestyle. Here are some considerations and techniques to increase your chances for success this time around: Be Realistic While it is reasonable and desirable to strive for realistic improvements in our appearance, health, and attitude, it is counterproductive to hope for a total remake of who we are. Frustration breeds failure. Make sure that your resolution, whether behavioural, attitudinal or otherwise, is achievable. It helps to focus on one or two small, achievable and measurable changes at a time. Instead of saying, "I'm going to lose two kilos," try first to succeed at cutting out excess calories and fat by elim...
At a glance Bored of the same old lunches at work? Try our simple and tasty recipes — not only are they more healthy, they'll save you money too. Versatile beans are packed with protein and fibre and are delicious in salads and soups. Mix low-fat mayonnaise with natural yoghurt for a healthier alternative to plain mayonnaise and enjoy with tuna, egg or chicken. 10 quick and healthy homemade lunches It's easy to fall into a lunchtime rut. Many of us assume that we don't have time to make our own lunch every day, and rely on expensive cafeterias, cafes, sandwich shops, convenience stores or even fast food outlets instead. However, with a bit of forward-planning you can quickly and easily put together a tastier, healthier, cheaper and more interesting lunch for yourself every da
At a glance Strokes are one of the world's biggest killers today, and a leading cause of disability — so it's important to understand what causes them. In a stroke, a blockage or burst blood vessel deprives an area of your brain of its blood supply, causing vital brain tissue to die. To reduce your risk, stop smoking, lower your stress, keep fit, eat a healthy diet, manage diabetes and control your blood pressure. Understanding the cause of strokes Strokes are one of the world's biggest killers today, and a leading cause of severe disability. Every five minutes someone in the UK has a stroke. And nearly one in four men and one in five women aged 45 can expect to have a stroke if they live to 85. However, knowledge is power. When we understand what causes strokes, and how