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What is Corona Virus? Know its Symptoms and Ways of Prevention.


As per The Economic Times Coronavirus Live Updates: China death toll rises to 2,118, with cases at 74,576 today 20th Feb 2020.

The name “coronavirus” is derived from the Latin corona, meaning crown or halo, which refers to the characteristic appearance of the virus particles. They have a fringe reminiscent of a royal crown or of the solar corona.

Coronavirus are a large family of viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds. In humans, the viruses cause respiratory infections – including the common cold, which are typically mild to severe. Rarer forms such as SARS, MERS and the novel coronavirus (New strain), causing the 2019–20 Wuhan coronavirus outbreak, can be lethal.

Coronaviruses are zoonotic, which means they are transmitted between animals and people. The detailed analysis found that SARS-CoV (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Corona Virus) was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome-Corona Virus) from dromedary camels to humans. There are several known coronaviruses that are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.

Signs of Coronavirus

Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms includes

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath and breathing difficulties

In more severe cases, an infection can cause

  • Pneumonia
  • Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
  • Kidney failure
  • Even death

Prevention / what to do if you have traveled from China recently

There is currently no vaccine to prevent 2019-nCoV infection.

Coronaviruses  Prevention –

The best way to prevent this infection is, to avoid being exposed to this virus. Everyday preventive actions to help prevent the spread of respiratory viruses, includes:

  • Seek medical care right away.
  • Before you go to a doctor’s office or emergency room, call ahead and tell them about your recent travel and your symptoms.
  • Avoid contact with others & do not travel while you are sick.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially
    1. after going to the bathroom
    2. before eating
    3. post blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
  • If soap and water are not readily available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.
  • Always wash hands with soap and water if hands are visibly dirty.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Avoid close contact with people, who are sick.
  • Stay home when you are sick. (Maintain isolation till your symptoms persist).
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe.
  • Avoid sharing household things. Wash / clean them after every use. e.g. dishes, drinking glasses, cups, eating utensils, towels, or bedding.
  • Seek prompt medical attention if your illness is worsening (e.g., shortness of breath or difficulty breathing).

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